Education and Employability – Areas of Concern/ How to Increase Chances of Employment


India after Independence faced a huge challenge of large scale illiteracy mainly due to agrarian background of the population. Educating the masses was big challenge for the Government as there was not much awareness among people about the education and its benefits as this was not considered a priority area by common man. Basic necessities like food, cloth and shelter were the priority areas for people. Bringing up children was first and most worrying factor and education was not at all in the scheme of things of common man barring urban population. The Government has created educational institutions through the length and breadth of the country and lot of impetus was given to literacy. The country traveled a long way since then and literacy rates have increased slowly but gradually. The privatization of education has also resulted into creation of more educational infrastructure and facilities within the vicinity of people thereby increasing the literacy rate.

Literacy and education was definitely need of the times and it is good that we have progressed so far in this direction even though a lot is yet to be achieved. However, evolution is needed in every area and things become static in the absence of evolution. There is a difference between making people literate and educating them. Educating people is the next level after literacy but what is next thereafter. No cause will be served if the education system produces educated masses with low employability factor. The education system has to serve the dual purpose of educating people and making them employable. The age old education system has to evolve in this direction and substantial changes are required in Indian education system. There are areas like engineering, medical, MBA, ITIs, professional courses in commerce/accounting and many more vocational training courses. However, the basic education system still revolves around producing graduates with no specific skill sets or expertise which can make them employable. The whole system revolves around three streams of education like arts, commerce and science. Now, take an example what options an arts/science graduates have and the ratio of employment opportunities vis-à-vis the number of candidates. Most of the arts graduates (B.A.) aspire to be teachers or for government jobs as there are not many other avenues available to them. The science graduates also fall for education as career or avenues in public sector since there are not many opportunities in the field of research & development or other related areas. However, the requirement of teachers is limited in the first place and skill sets are also an area of concern. The number of government jobs is also very limited. The end result is that our youths remain unemployed after spending 15 precious years of their life in our education system. India has the potential to become a super power which is not possible without proper utilization of the potential of our youth. This is an important resource which needs to be utilized to its full potential.

The moot point is that education system should not only educate people but it should also make them employable with an expertise in particular areas. There will always be front runners and achievers who will go places by their own efforts despite all odds but a common student needs direction and support of the system to reach to his/her goals. There should be more institutions like ITIs where students can choose their career at early stages of studies. There should be specific courses in accounting, finance, commerce, administration, etc. at the undergraduate level. There should be more vocational courses at the undergraduate level in the field of Computers, BPOs, Communication, technology  and many more areas where employment opportunities exists. The education system has to evolve in line with the global trends as the employment opportunities now have no borders.  It will be great if our education system can produce trained manpower which is employable without any additional training. In addition to this, the quality of education also needs lot of improvement which is possible through proper and effective regulatory intervention.

The students should also consider the options seriously before plunging into a particular course. They should take into consideration the employability factor in addition to the preference for the area of their liking. They should pursue the course of their choice which trains them in a particular vocation and profession and have high employability quotient. This will not only save lot of time and efforts but will also increase the chances of their employability enabling them to pursue their career goals in most effective and efficient manner.